Hands-on Sound Tools
 
The following sound tools – all made by Åke Egevad –are based on ancient models and/or on traditional models.
All the photographs of the hands-on instruments were taken by Jens Egevad

Aerophones
 
Bullroarers and Buzzers

  • 01-Bullroarer-of-wood01-Bullroarer-of-wood
  • Buzzer of pig's boneBuzzer of pig's bone
  • Buzz disc of woodBuzz disc of wood
  • Buzzer of woodBuzzer of wood
  • Bullroarer of boneBullroarer of bone
  • Bullroarer of barkBullroarer of bark
 
1. Bullroarer of wood (traditional)
2. Buzzer of pig’s bone (type model based on prehistoric, medieval and traditional buzz bones)
3. Buzz-disc of wood (traditional)
4. Buzzer of wood (traditional)
5. Bullroarer of bone (type model based on prehistoric finds)
6. Bullroarer of bark (traditional)

Horns

 

  • Cowhorn with three finger holesCowhorn with three finger holes
  • Cowhorn with three finger holesCowhorn with three finger holes
  • Oxhorn without finger holesOxhorn without finger holes
 
7 - 8. Cowhorns with three finger holes (type models based on prehistoric, medieval and traditional blowing horns)
9. Oxhorn without finger holes (traditional)

Trumpets

 

  • 10-Wooden-trumpet10-Wooden-trumpet
 
10. Wooden trumpets [”wooden lurs”] (based on a find of a Viking-Age wooden trumpet instrument from the ship’s grave Oseberg, Norway, c. 800 AD)

Whistles and Flutes

 

  • 11-Whistle-of-boar-tusk11-Whistle-of-boar-tusk
  • Whistle of boar's tuskWhistle of boar's tusk
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's boneWhistle of sheep's bone
  • Whistle of bird's boneWhistle of bird's bone
  • Whistle of bird's boneWhistle of bird's bone
  • Whistle of bird's boneWhistle of bird's bone
  • Whistle of sheep's hornWhistle of sheep's horn
  • 23-Whistles-of-sheep-horn23-Whistles-of-sheep-horn
  • Bone flute with five finger holesBone flute with five finger holes
  • Bone flute with two finger holesBone flute with two finger holes
 
11 - 12. Whistles of boar’s tusk (type models based on finds from a Neolithic cave in Gotland, Sweden, c. 3000-2000 BC)
13 - 18. Whistles of sheep’s bone (type models based on prehistoric, medieval and traditional bone whistles)
19 - 21. Whistles of bird’s bone (traditional)
22 - 23. Whistles of sheep’s horn (traditional)
24. Bone flute with five finger holes (type model based on medieval finds)
25. Bone flute with two finger holes (type model based on prehistoric, medieval and traditional bone flutes)

Chordophone
 
Musical Bow

 

  • 26-Mouth-bow26-Mouth-bow
 
26. ”Mouth bow” (based on a Mesolithic bog find from Scania, Sweden, c. 6000 BC)
 
Idiophones

Bells

 

  • 27-Cowbell-of-iron27-Cowbell-of-iron
  • Iron pellet bellIron pellet bell
 
27. Cowbell of iron (reconstructed after an Early Iron-Age find from Gotland, Sweden, c. 500-400 AD)
28. Iron pellet bell (reconstructed after a Viking-Age find from Västmanland, Sweden, c. 1000 AD)

Clappers

 

  • Clapper of cow hornClapper of cow horn
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of boneClapper of bone
  • Clapper of wooden sticksClapper of wooden sticks
  • Clapper of fallow deer hornsClapper of fallow deer horns
  • Clapper of wooden platesClapper of wooden plates
 
30. Clapper of cow horn (traditional)
31 - 36. Clappers of bone (traditional)
37. Clapper of wooden sticks (traditional)
38. Clapper of fallow deer horns (hypothetical sound tool based on the assumption that people in ancient times also used horns from fallow deer as clappers)
39. Clapper of wooden plates [in Swedish: snatterpinnar] (traditional)

Rattles

 

  • 40-Vessel-rattle-of-animal-hide40-Vessel-rattle-of-animal-hide
  • Vessel rattle of animal hideVessel rattle of animal hide
  • Rattle of barkRattle of bark
  • Vessel rattle of cow hornVessel rattle of cow horn
  • Vessel rattle of cow hornVessel rattle of cow horn
  • Rattle of hazel nutsRattle of hazel nuts
  • Bone rattle stickBone rattle stick
  • Rattle of bronze for a bridleRattle of bronze for a bridle
  • Vessel rattle of pig's bladderVessel rattle of pig's bladder
  • Rattle of boneRattle of bone
  • Rattle of boneRattle of bone
  • Rattle of boneRattle of bone
  • Rattle of boneRattle of bone
 
40 - 41. Vessel rattles of animal hide (traditional)
42. Rattle of bark (traditional)
43 - 44. Vessel rattles of cow horn (hypothetical rattles based on the assumption that people in ancient times also used cow horns as the empty body for rattling objects)
45. Rattle of hazel nuts (reconstructed after a Mesolithic bog find in Scania, Sweden, c. 6000 BC)
46. Bone rattle stick (type model of a medieval find from Vestfold, Norway)
47. Rattle of bronze for a bridle (type model of a Bronze-Age find from Gotland,  Sweden, Late Bronze Age)
48. Vessel rattle of pig’s bladder (traditional)
49 - 52. Rattles of bone (type models based on different finds of Mesolithic, Neolithic and traditional bone rattles from Sweden)

Scrapers

 

  • Scraper of woodScraper of wood
  • Scraper of boneScraper of bone
  • Scraper of boneScraper of bone
 
53. Scraper of wood (traditional)
54 - 55. Scrapers of bone  (type models based on Neolithic finds of possible scrapers)

Various

 

  • 56-Percussion-sound-tool-of-animal-shoulderblade56-Percussion-sound-tool-of-animal-shoulderblade
  • Percussion sound tool of animal shoulderbladePercussion sound tool of animal shoulderblade
  • Percussion sound tool of animal shoulderbladePercussion sound tool of animal shoulderblade
  • Percussion sound tool of animal shoulderbladePercussion sound tool of animal shoulderblade
  • Combined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shellsCombined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shells
  • Combined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shellsCombined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shells
  • Combined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shellsCombined scraper and rattle of animal jaws with cockle shells
  • 63-Combined-scraper-and-rattle-of-animal-jaw,-with-cockle-shells63-Combined-scraper-and-rattle-of-animal-jaw,-with-cockle-shells
  • Friction drum of boneFriction drum of bone
  • Percussion instrument from a whalnut shellPercussion instrument from a whalnut shell
  • Percussion sound tool from a hollow woonden trunkPercussion sound tool from a hollow woonden trunk
 
56 - 59. Percussion sound tools of animal shoulderblade (type models based on the Palaeolithic ”percussion find” from Mezin, Ukraine)
60 - 63. Combined scraper and rattle of animal jaws, with cockle shells (type models based on a Neolithic find from Gotland, Sweden, c. 3000-2000 BC)
64. Friction drum of bone [in Swedish: skogsdjävul, in German: Waldteufel] (traditional)
65. Percussion instrument from a whalnut shell [in Swedish: valnötsmälla, krick krack, in French: cricri] (traditional)
66. Percussion sound tool from a hollow wooden trunk (traditional)
 
Photographer: Jens Egevad
© 2015 EMAP - European Music Archaeology Project

Comune di Tarquinia, Assessorato alla Cultura - Piazza Giacomo Matteotti, 6 - 01016 Tarquinia (VT) - by Studio ARCHITUTTO DESIGNER'S - Italy

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